Kashmir: A Sociology of Conflict

Kashmir: A Sociology of Conflict

Adfar Shah Kashmir Conflict being one of the worlds’ most worrisome conflicts is a social fact and therefore its fallouts are clearly reflected in the structure of society of Kashmir and on the essence of overall social collective. There is a monster of damage of the conflict before us in terms of killings, lawlessness, social anomie and irreversible social pathology, the economic weakness, the attitudinal change in terms of criminality, collective deviant behavior, mounting mental health issues, effect on environs, etc. The conflict affected the very socialization of the vulnerable younger lot for it introduced many new undesirable activities in the individual mindset and in the larger society. During the period of violent armed conflict Kashmiri youth witnessed and a chunk of them participated in the hostilities resulting in the breakdown of our collective ethos and social fabric. They suffered of violence and uncertainty and a chunk of them perpetrated and perpetuated the suffering on others. For the youth of Kashmir, this is hardly any solution for the conflict situation in mind because they have more often than not been used by the vested interests and contractors of the conflict. They have lived amid the security crisis, brutal unaccounted arrests and tortures. They hardly received any quality education due to system collapse during the peak conflict era. They lived with horrible experiences of brutal killings, perceived loss of dignity and identity. They witnessed the deaths of their close ones, the loss of confidence in people, security forces and the state. The disintegration of the basic structure of society, loss of moral and social values, violence and destruction actually affected every aspect of their psycho-social development. Seeing the cost of militancy and conceptualizing Kashmir caught in brutal violence, Valley’s only acclaimed sociologist Professor Dabla (2010) in his paper titled ‘Sociological Implications of Conflict in Kashmir’ argues that the militancy in Kashmir affected all sections of the society and all sectors of human social life. Thousands of innocent and common people were killed, injured, tortured and made disabled-handicapped. Most of the locals including elders were abused and dishonored repeatedly. Most of the local youth were brutally treated and most of the local children were harassed-tortured and...

Pahari Community of Jammu & Kashmir

Pahari Community of Jammu & Kashmir

Adfar Shah Chief Minister Omar Abdullah announced 5% reservation to Paharis besides 2% to OBCs on the eve of Independence Day. Omar also maintained that he would continue to pursue the declaration of Scheduled tribe Status for Pahari speaking people at the central level. However, Paharis say it was never their demand; they demand and deserve ST status only and State should deliver the promises made to them. Pahaad in Urdu lexicon means mountain and Pahadi means the one who is a mountain dweller or who lives in the hills. Their language is known as Pahadi or Pahari and they identify themselves as the Pahadi Speaking People (PSP).Though they live among or near the Gujjar/Bakerwal localities, however possess a separate community consciousness and detach themselves in many ways from Gujjars and Bakerwals like customs and Castes. However, it is believed that Pahadi’s belong to the Aryan race which once raided India and settled down in the upper reaches (though debatable). Pahadi language is spoken by lakhs of people across the two Kashmirs’ (Kashmir & Azad Kashmir) besides in some neighbouring States like Himachal and Uttrakhand also. Pahadi is believed to be an ancient language though assuming various names since ancient times/regional dialects like Parimu, Hinko, Rajourvi, Potowhari, Chabali, etc,. Pahadi’s believe that their language developed during the Buddhist period or even before that and enjoyed a prestigious status for a long time. However currently it is an endangered language and has lost its ancient glory and fame, may be due to the encounter with the dominant Kashmiri culture or due to the greater influence of modernity. Though there is no dearth of Pahadi literature in the Pahadi language (an Indo-Aryan language of Tankri/Gurmukhi/Shahmukhi/Sharda Lippi script), however there is a considerable dearth of translation works of this rich language. Source: Jammu & Kashmir Pahadi Cultural and Welfare Forum (JKPCWF), Paharis vs Gujjars: A Confused Dichotomy Now a days, there is witnessed a clear dichotomy and a sense of rivalry between Pahadi’s and the Gujjars. Gujjar vs Pahari has been a successful political card played by the vested interests and has thus created a further divide between the two communities. There is huge resentment among Pahari speaking...

Kashmir : A turbulence of Article 370

Kashmir : A turbulence of Article 370

Vedchetan Patil Law is a mere puppet of politics, politics is beyond law and much beyond the horizons of politics, imbedded deep within the existence of mankind limited by its humane virtues and qualified by its own perceptions about ‘right’ and ‘wrong’, moral and immoral slouch the principles of human rights, free will of people and relations between the different sections of society. Article 370 of the Indian Constitution is one such example of the product or compromise of the complications of relations of Kashmir with the entire sub-continent. Its roots are deep within history of sub-continent and is a convulsed product of hindu-muslim relations, it is a product of trembled nascent Indian State and newly born Pakistan, shudder of a indecisive Maharaja Hari Singh and dedicated Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah whose opportunism partly failed in the wake of international politics and geo-strategic location of Kashmir. Kashmir, aptly described as the paradise on earth was subjected to such conflict in which every power on this planet has either interfered to further demean the position of India or Pakistan, directly or indirectly, or has offered to resolve the issue, but to the surprise of none the issue of Kashmir remains unsolved till date. Immediately after the Transfer of Power, the Pak forces under the guise of jihadis and Azad Kashmir forces launched attack on the western and northern fronts of Kashmir and in such circumstances to protect his own interests and his state from falling to Pakistan, the then Maharaja Hari Singh signed Instrument of accession with India to seek intervention from India to stop the invading forces. Thus the accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir was legal in totum both in fact and substance. Invading forces on one front, opposition of various forces within like those of Sheikh Abdullah, and indecisive approach of both Maharaja Hari Singh and Indian State, in a hasty decision a condition was put on the Indian State to allow Kashmir to retain autonomy and because the Instrument of Accession was signed in such circumstances, the Government of India assured the people of the State that an elected Constituent Assembly will frame a Constitution for the State and will determine...

Visit Us On FacebookVisit Us On TwitterVisit Us On YoutubeVisit Us On Google PlusCheck Our Feed